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Special Report on

The European Civil Service Tribunal

the european civil service tribunal special research report Photo by
In practice there are three Courts established in Luxembourg. (1) The Court of Justice of the European Communities (referred as the Court of Justice or the Court ) established already by the ESCS in 1952, (2) the Court of First Instance of the European Communities was established in 1989 to relieve the workload of the Court of Justice, (3) the European Civil Service Tribunal established in 2006 to take over the responsibility for labour law cases between the European institutions and its civil servants.   The task of the European Court is to ensure that EU legislation is interpreted and applied in the same way in all EU ...
In certain areas, decisions are made through negotiation between member states, while in others, independent supranational institutions are responsible without a requirement for unanimity between member states. Important institutions of the EU include the European Commission , the Council of the European Union , the European Council , the Court of Justice of the European Union , and the European Central Bank . The European Parliament is elected every five years by an electorate, to whom the citizenship of the European Union is assured. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community formed among six countries
Queen's Birthday honours: the full list | Welcome to Winchester
Ms Amelia Chilcott Fawcett, CBE. Chair, Pensions First Group LLP and Guardian Media Group. For services to the Financial Services Industry. (London, WC2E) Ms Jacqueline Fisher, CBE. Principal, Newcastle College. For services to local and national Further Education. (Hexham, Northumberland) Mrs Janet Marion Gaymer, CBE, QC. (Hon.), commissioner for Public Appointments. For public service. (Effingham, Surrey) Professor Julia Mary Goodfellow, CBE. Vice-Chancellor, University of Kent. For services to Science. (London, NW3) Professor Barbara Monroe. Chief executive, St. Christopher’s Hospice, London. For services to Palliative ... market research, surveys and trends
t r u t h o u t | Outcry Over Suicides at Guantanamo
Autopsy analysis is still continuing on the three hanged men. Human rights groups and U.S. allies say the prison should be closed.     Guantanamo Bay, Cuba - U.S. military pathologists on Monday examined and tested clinical data obtained from autopsies of three prisoners who were found hanged here Saturday, while human rights advocates warned of the potential for more suicides by prisoners with little hope of release or legal recourse.     Officials of the military prison and interrogation network were reviewing detention procedures to determine what changes might be necessary to avert ... market research, surveys and trends


Women and men in decision-making 2007
contribution to the advancement of women, a 30 percent membership in political institutions is considered the ...... ETUC, which claims to represent 60 million workers across Europe. ..... The European Civil Service Tribunal, which is a ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
Global Survey of Workplace Hotline Reports Shows Significant - Get ...
They are very different cases. What links them is the central role of whistle-blowing. In the one case, involving the U.S. pharmaceutical company, Pfizer , a U.S. federal jury awarded $1.37 million in damages to a former company scientist who was fired when she voiced safety concerns. In the other case, involving Exxon Mobil Corporation, the company will pay $32.2 million to the United States to resolve claims that some of its units knowingly underpaid royalties owed on natural gas, the Justice Department said. With increasing frequency, whistleblower cases are featuring in the U.S. media. Whistleblower are being seen as ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
Birthday Honours: Civil Order Of The British Empire, CBE
Dr Mary Armitage. Consultant Physician and Endocrinologist, Royal Bournemouth and Christchurch Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. For services to Medicine. (Broadstone, Dorset) Simon Armitage. Poet. For services to Literature. (Holmfirth, West Yorkshire) Mrs Patricia Baskerville. Head of Safer Custody and Offender Policy, National Offender Management Service, Ministry of Defence. (West Kingston, Surrey) William Gordon Baxter, OBE, DL. For services to Business and to Charity in North East Scotland. (Fochabers, Moray) George William John Benjamin. Composer and conductor. For services to Music. (London, W9) Professor ... market trends, news research and surveys resources
Italy on the eve of new class battles
Measured by total debt, Italy rivals Greece. Italian government debt, which two years ago stood at 106 percent of gross domestic product, climbed to 118 percent by the end of 2009, while tax revenues have declined steadily due to the crisis. The right-wing government of Silvio Berlusconi has now agreed to a drastic austerity programme, which will be presented to the European Union (EU) on 7 June in Brussels. According to plans drawn up by Finance and Economics Minister Giulio Tremonti, the plan will result in nearly €25 billion in cuts by 2012. The Berlusconi government is to cut 400,000 posts in the public sector. Only one in ... market trends, news research and surveys resources


1 'The status and future of i ndefinite contracts within the EU ...
set by the European Civil Service Tribunal in the Landgren case. The latter judgment could be seen as a reversal of jurisprudence in that i t no longer ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
Holy See
Note: The Holy See is the universal government of the Catholic Church and operates from the Vatican City State, a sovereign, independent territory of 0.44 square kilometers (0.17 square miles). The Pope is the ruler of both the Vatican City State and the Holy See. The Holy See, as the supreme body of government of the Catholic Church, is a sovereign juridical entity under international law. Geography and People Area: Total of 0.44 sq. km. (109 acres). Population (April 2009): Approximately 800 (citizens and residents). Ethnic groups: Italian, Swiss, other. Religion: Catholic. Languages: Italian, Latin, French, various others. ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
Microsoft PowerPoint - European Court of Justice.pptx
Court of First Instance (CFI of First Instance (CFI). ∎ Limited jurisdiction. ∎ European Civil Service Tribunal. ∎ European Civil Service Tribunal ...
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why the basque country in Spain want to be independent?
Basque Country (Basque Euskadi, Spanish País Vasco) is an autonomous community with the status of historical region within Spain, the capital of which is Vitoria-Gasteiz (Vitoria is the Spanish name, Gasteiz the Basque name). It is part of the larger Basque native lands, which are also called the Basque Country (Basque "Euskal Herria"). The following provinces make up Basque Country: * Araba (Spanish Álava), capital Vitoria-Gasteiz (Spanish Vitoria-Gasteiz) * Bizkaia (Spanish Vizcaya), capital Bilbao (Spanish Bilbao) * Gipuzkoa (Spanish Guipúzcoa), capital Donostia (Spanish San Sebastián) Before the Spanish ...
Please explain the difference between codified law and the english ...
The legal systems of the West, its former colonies and many noncolonized countries are subdivided into two major categories: those derived from Roman law plus codified statutes and those derived from English common law. A third legal system, Marxist-Leninist law, has also been important in the 20th century, although it is being gradually dismantled in many formerly socialist countries. These three legal systems can be further characterized by religious influence (Muslim or non-Muslim) and by whether or not an independent judiciary exists. [See Table I.] Let's briefly review these systems. Civil Law. Codified law governs ...