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Econophysics, Statistical Mechanics Approach to

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Abstract: Ultra-cold neutral atoms can be confined in a space-periodic potential created by laser light and called an optical lattice. A novel type of optical lattice has been recently created at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in which the lattice consists of a periodic array of double-well potentials [Sebby-Strabley, et al., Phys. Rev. A, vol. 73, pg. 033605 (2006)]. I will discuss how a system of ultra- cold atoms loaded into the NIST double-well optical lattice can be used to make an essential component of a quantum computer: a two-qubit universal gate. Power point Talk Slides Thursday, Feb ...
deals with a wide variety of systems, there are certain theories that are used by all physicists. Each of these theories were experimentally tested numerous times and found correct as an approximation of Nature (within a certain domain of validity). For instance, the theory of classical mechanics accurately describes the motion of objects, provided they are much larger than atoms and moving at much less than the speed of light . These theories continue to be areas of active research; for instance, a remarkable aspect of classical mechanics known as chaos was discovered in the 20th century, three centuries after the original ...
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An Open Letter to George Soros | Econophysics Forum
Many leading scientists from various scientific fields, including Nobel Prize winners, have recently expressed their dissatisfaction with the state of economic theory, and it is obvious that new approaches are needed to address the fundamental and practical challenges of our financial, economic and social system. The criticisms of the pillars of classical economics are substantial and suggest that markets are not efficient by nature, economics can be driven far from equilibrium (as bubbles and crashes illustrate), the system behavior is dominated by interactions between the market participants and stakeholders, and hard to regulate, market research, surveys and trends
The Spirit Level Delusion | Kiwiblog
I have long eschewed comment on your blog and broadly feel the better for it. But your disgraceful comment on the Spirit Level stirs me to break a habit. If you had done any work on this you would have at least recognised that nothing you note above has not been addressed by the authors at, for example, http://www.equalitytrust.org.uk/resources/response-to-questions , which points out that, using World ban criteria, the 50 richest countries were chosen for the study, a perfectly sensible sample given the hypothesis. The associated commentary goes on to discuss “cherry picking” and the like. [DPF: Of course they ... market research, surveys and trends

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'Econophysics' points way to fair salaries in free market | e ...
A Purdue University researcher has used "econophysics" to show that under ideal circumstances free markets promote fair salaries for workers and do not support CEO compensation practices common today. The research presents a new perspective on 18th century economist Adam Smith's concept that an "invisible hand" drives a free market economy to a collective good. "It is generally believed that the free market cares only about efficiency and not fairness. However, my theory shows that even though companies focus primarily on making profits and individuals are only looking out for themselves, the ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
'Econophysics' Points Way To Fair Salaries In Free Market
Venkat Venkatasubramanian, a Purdue professor of chemical engineering, displays some of the mathematics behind his new theory, "statistical teleodynamics," to show how free markets for labor promote fair salaries for workers and not the CEO compensation practices common. (Purdue News Service file photo/Andrew Hancock) by Staff Writers West Lafayette IN (SPX) Jul 23, 2010 A Purdue University researcher has used "econophysics" to show that under ideal circumstances free markets promote fair salaries for workers and do not support CEO compensation practices common. The research presents a new perspective on 18th ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
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The relativistic Brownian motion: Interdisciplinary applications
[2] Yakovenko V M 2007 Econophysics, Statistical Mechanics Approach to Preprint arXiv:0709.3662. [3] Sandoval-Villalbazo A, Aragonés-Mu˜noz A A and ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
Speakers: Short Bio - Center for Nonlinear Studies
Lada Adamic is part of the Information Dynamics Lab (IDL) at HP Labs. She studies the effects of local interactions on global properties in particular the Internet and the World Wide Web, peer-to-peer systems, social networks, and bioinformatics. [ Internet : Growth dynamics of the World-Wide Web ,  B.A.  Huberman, L.A. Adamic, NATURE  401   131 (1999) ] .  R�ka Albert is at  University of Minnesota Mathematics Department.   She studies biological networks: robust adaptation in bacterial chemotaxis, segment polarity network of Drosophila melanogaster ; and random networks: ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
Victor Yakovenko: Econophysics
In a closed economic system, money is conserved. Thus, by analogy with energy, the equilibrium probability distribution of money must follow the exponential Gibbs law characterized by an effective temperature equal to the average amount of money per economic agent. We demonstrate how the Gibbs distribution emerges in computer simulations of economic models. Then we consider a thermal machine, in which the difference of temperatures allows one to extract a monetary profit. We also discuss the role of debt, and models with broken time-reversal symmetry for which the Gibbs law does not hold. [1.2] "Evidence for the ...
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