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Special Report on

Rationale for Decentralization

rationale for decentralization special research report Photo by
Marga has initiated a series of short courses under its Continuing Learning and Professional Development Programme. Certificate Course in Decentralization and Devolution: Principles and Practices is the latest which scheduled to commence from Monday 19th July 2010. Governments world over are turning to decentralization and devolution as the way forward in packaging governance in providing for the welfare of their citizens by getting closer to them. Sri Lanka sought to reach out to the local communities by decentralizing its administration and later opted for devolution of power to provinces in responding to demands from the ...
make illegal certain practices deemed to hurt businesses or consumers or both, or generally to violate standards of ethical behavior. Government agencies known as competition regulators , along with private litigants, apply the antitrust and consumer protection laws in hopes of preventing market failure . The term antitrust was originally formulated to combat "business trusts ", now more commonly known as cartels . Other countries use the term "competition law". Many countries including most of the Western world have antitrust laws of some form; for example the European Union has provisions under the Treaty ...
local government in uganda
The local government system in Uganda can be traced back to structures established by the British colonial powers from around 1900. These structures were in turn molded upon the chiefly system of authority in Central Uganda (The kingdom of Buganda model). The hierarchy of chiefs stretched from village, through parish and sub-county level. The traditional chiefs and the King (Kabaka) in central Uganda (Buganda) managed to secure significant powers and autonomy as well as private property of the bulk of arable land through the 1900 agreement, whereby Uganda was established as a Protectorate rather than a colony. By the 1920s under ... market research, surveys and trends
budi utomo: Pembangunan Berfokus Manusia: Antara Desentralisasi ...
bukan hal yang baru dalam wacana konsep maupun praktik pembangunan. Konsep pembangunan dengan fokus manusia harus dipahami sebagai suatu proses pembangunan yang memperhatikan kepentingan manusia sebagai manifestasi dari rakyat, terutama rakyat miskin. Pada dasarnya, pemahaman terhadap pembangunan menghasilkan ide kemajuan, dan hal tersebut berkonotasi ke depan atau ke tingkat yang lebih tinggi. Dengan demikian, pembangunan harus dipahami sebagai suatu proses yang berdimensi jamak yang melibatkan perubahan-perubahan besar dalam struktur sosial, sikap masyarakat dan kelembagaan nasional, seperti halnya percepatan pertumbuhan ... market research, surveys and trends


Monitoring and Evaluation of Decentralization Reforms in ...
Approximately 95 percent of democracies have decentralized or ... populations greater than 5 million had embarked upon some process of decentralization. .... financial contributions as rationale for decentralization (Tang and Bloom ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
Local Democracy and Decentralization in East and Southern - Untitled
well as the rationale for decentralization. It also sets the stage for understanding ..... world's 1.2 billion people living on less than $1 a day, ..... expenditure, exports and investments had all fallen to below 10 percent of GDP. ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
Providing opportunity to collaborate
Principal Steve Sailsbery and assistant principal Ron Bazan plan to institute professional learning communities that will give the entire staff an opportunity to collaborate. To do that, classes will get out one hour early on Wednesdays. Students will leave campus at 1:30 p.m. and will not be allowed to be on campus. To compensate for the lost time, minimum days are reduced to Dec. 17 and June 10, plus two testing days, officials said. Bazan, who has made presentations to the school board several times — the last on July 15, said the state requires 54,000 minutes of teaching time each year. Even with the collaboration ... market trends, news research and surveys resources
Ethiopia - Green Revolution: A Multi-pronged Approach
Over the past couple of weeks I have been assiduously following some interesting debate on Green Revolution (the intensive utilization of agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, improved seeds, research and extension services, pesticides, and irrigation facilities etc. to achieve increased farm production) for Ethiopia. As I see it, Tsegaye Tegenu, the initiator of the discussion, thinks that Ethiopia has had little or no green revolution and urges the government to take it seriously if it has to achieve its long-standing goal of ensuring national food self-sufficiency. Reacting to Tsegaye’s original article, Yemane T. ... market trends, news research and surveys resources


to access .pdf file - Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations & Local ...
Rationale for Decentralization ... A growing body of literature is examining the economic rationale for decentralization. ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
Rationale for Decentralization
Much of the decentralization which has taken place in the past decade has been motivated by political concerns. For example, in Latin America , decentralization has been an essential part of the democratization process as discredited autocratic central regimes are replaced by elected governments operating under new constitutions. In Africa , the spread of multi-party political systems is creating demand for more local voice in decision making. In some countries, such as Ethiopia , decentralization has been a response to pressures from regional or ethnic groups for more control or participation in the political process. In the ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
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Write short notes of span of control and decentralization? - Yahoo ...
A term originating in military organization theory, but now used more commonly in business management, particularly human resource management. In the hierarchical business organization of the past it was not uncommon to see average spans of 1 to 10 or even less. That is, one manager supervises ten employees on average. In the 1980s there was a flattening of organizational structures causing average spans to move closer to 1 to 100. This was made possible by the introduction of inexpensive information technology that replaced many middle managers (whose main task had been to collect information from operational managers, compile ...
Google Answers: Corporate Restructuring
Currently 3M is going through a major restructuring. It is changing from an egalitarian/organic structure to a centralized structure. I am afraid this restructuring will destroy their core compentency of being innovative. I tried to find some historical information on other innovative companies that went through a similar restructuring, and what the result was. I tried to do a web search on this topic and could not come up with anything related. I am more interested in short articles or essays, instead of books or other lengthy formats. Could you find me some sites that have information on this? Altinez-ga: Your ...