Special Report on
Pest Management Science
Pest Management Science - Trends
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Quantifying the impact of pest-management practices, organic farming techniques, and natural-product biopesticides in reducing the use of traditional synthetic pesticides in U.S. agriculture is not simple. Although the Department of Agriculture promotes a set of farming strategies known as integrated pest management (IPM) and administers the National Organic Program, tracking pesticide use is not the purview of USDA. That honor goes to the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Pesticide Programs. Syngenta Bioinspired Syngenta's Callisto herbicide, shown being sprayed on corn (above), contains mesotrione, a ...
High yields of agricultural crops can only be obtained if there is sufficient control of pests that include insects, pathogens, weeds and nematodes. In the mid 20 th Century development of chemical pesticides seemed to provide an effective answer, but pests became resistant and by killing natural beneficial species resurgence of pest populations occurred. This led to the concept of integrated pest management utilizing a range of control tactics in a harmonious way (see Figure). The diagram shows the different aspects of IPM – Avoidance of pests, then surveillance and finally ... Read More