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Special Report on

Shabbat in the Holocaust

shabbat in the holocaust special research report Photo by gallery.foreignminister.gov.au
Rabbi Ephraim Oshry served as spiritual leader in the Kovno ghetto during the Holocaust. He was presented with many questions concerning Jewish observance amidst the hardships and dangers of ghetto life. He wrote the questions and answers down on scraps of paper torn from concrete sacks, placed these notes into tin cans, and then buried them in the soil of the ghetto. He hoped that they would be found after the war and serve as a historic record of how, no matter what, the Jews of the Kovno ghetto were determined to live by Jewish law. After the liberation of Kovno in August 1944, Rabbi Oshry unearthed the tin cans and published ...
that includes those born Jewish and converts to Judaism. In 2007, the world Jewish population was estimated at 13 million, of which about 40% reside in Israel 4 and 40% in the United States . The largest Jewish religious movements are Orthodox Judaism , Conservative Judaism and Reform Judaism . A major source of difference between these groups is their approach to Jewish law . Orthodox and Conservative Judaism maintain that Jewish law should be followed, with Conservative Judaism promoting a more "modern" interpretation of its requirements than Orthodox Judaism. Reform Judaism is generally more liberal than these other ...
REVIEWS AND OPINIONS
Going Home ... To Yerushalayim: Shabbat Shalom - Parshas Bamidbar
This week Jews around the world begin the book of Numbers, in Hebrew, Bamidbar, literally, "in the wilderness." The opening chapters of the book describe in detail how the tribes of Israel are to array themselves in the desert. Three tribal encampments on each of the four directions, east, south, west and north, create an outer perimeter around the Tabernacle, which, situated in the center of the encampment, is flanked by an inner perimeter formed by the encampment of the tribe of Levi, according to their family divisions. This tribal deployment is but the latest stage in the development of the people of Israel from a ... market research, surveys and trends
This Day ... In Jewish History: This Day, May 27, In Jewish History
1096 (3rd of Sivan): Count Emicho and the Crusaders entered Mayence, Germany. The Jews took refuge in the Episcopal Palace and committed mass suicide rather than convert. One Jew by the name of Isaac, his two daughters and a friend called Uriah allowed themselves to be baptized. Within a few weeks Isaac, who was remorseful of his act killed his daughters burned his own house. He and Uriah went to the local synagogue locked themselves in and burned it down. A large part of the city was destroyed. 1529: Thirty Jews of Posing, Hungary, charged with blood-ritual, were burned at the stake. 1647: Peter Stuyvesant was inaugurated as ... market research, surveys and trends

SURVEY RESULTS FOR
SHABBAT IN THE HOLOCAUST

Warsaw
The city of Warsaw, capital of Poland, flanks both banks of the Vistula River. A city of 1.3 million inhabitants, Warsaw was the capital of the resurrected Polish state in 1919. Before World War II, the city was a major center of Jewish life and culture in Poland. Warsaw's prewar Jewish population of more than 350,000 constituted about 30 percent of the city's total population. The Warsaw Jewish community was the largest in both Poland and Europe, and was the second largest in the world, second only to New York City. Following the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, Warsaw suffered heavy air attacks and ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
National Jewish Population Survey: 2000 - My Jewish Learning
The Jewish population is aging and shrinking, its birthrate is falling, intermarriage is rising and most Jews do not engage in communal or religious pursuits. Yet a majority attend a Passover seder and celebrate Chanukah, Jewish education is booming, and many Jews consider being Jewish important and feel strong ties to Israel. These are not dueling headlines, but parallel portraits contained in the long-awaited National Jewish Population Survey 2000-01. Federations and Jewish communal leaders use these studies every decade for policy and planning decisions. The United Jewish Communities, the federation umbrella group, officially ... industry trends, business articles and survey research
RELATED NEWS
Sarah Palin Celebrates Shabbat And Offers Echoes of Esther
Driving to Lancaster from Philadelphia Friday afternoon, my wife and I passed through a town named Ephrata. It was named after the town that, in ancient times, was part of the city of Bethlehem; today it is a thriving Israeli city of 8,000-plus. Friends and colleagues who were meeting us in Lancaster passed towns named Bethlehem, Nazareth, Lebanon, and Zion. Early Pennsylvanians believed, as many modern ones do, in the Divine promise that the exiled Jews would be returned to the land of Bethlehem and Zion. How appropriate, I thought, to help usher in our Shabbat with Governor Palin, an American political leader who, more closely ... market trends, news research and surveys resources
Poles, in black and white
"Anu Yehudei Polin? Hayehasim Beyn Yehudim Lapolanim Betekufat Hashoah Min Hahebet Hayehudi" ("We Polish Jews - Polish-Jewish Relations during the Holocaust: The Jewish Perspective" ) by Havi Dreifuss (Ben-Sasson ). Yad Vashem Publications, 280 pages, NIS 78   The Holocaust of the Jews of Poland has been studied by a relatively large number of historians - relative, that is, to Romania and Tunisia, but not relative to the actual size of the largest Jewish community in Europe before the war, which numbered more than 3.5 million people. Nevertheless, as in contemplating Pablo Picasso's painting "Guernica," you can ... market trends, news research and surveys resources

INFORMATION RESOURCES

Y. Michal Bodemann & Hyla Korn
gogue in Toronto, entitled “Shabbat in the Holocaust,” a speaker will “discuss how, in spite of starvation, daily torture and random murder, ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
Remarks by Ambassador Susan E. Rice, U.S. Permanent Representative ...
Remarks by Ambassador Susan E. Rice, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, "From Memory to Resolve", on the International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust, at Park East Synagogue, New York City AS DELIVERED Thank you all. Shabbat shalom. It’s an honor to be with you today. I’m glad to see many of my diplomatic colleagues here with us, and I’m also glad to be here with my friend, Rabbi Arthur Schneier. You all know your rabbi’s warmth and wisdom first-hand. But as a policymaker, I am particularly grateful to him for the work he does beyond this sacred ... technology research, surveys study and trend statistics
CEERES eBulletin » Holocaust
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies (CAHS) is pleased to invite nominations for the seminar Introduction to the International Tracing Service (ITS) Collection at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum , designed for advanced undergraduate, M.A., and early Ph.D. students. The seminar is scheduled for August 2-10, 2010 at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) in Washington, DC. This seminar is the third in a series designed to encourage the use of the recently opened archival holdings of the ITS. The objective of this seminar is to acquaint promising advanced ...
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SHABBAT IN THE HOLOCAUST
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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Seventh-Day Adventists: Adventist beliefs regarding Jews, nazi ...
QUESTION: Before you went on vacation I asked you, as an Adventist pastor, what your denomination teaches regarding the Jewish people. From what I have since learned your denomination teaches that God has abandoned His Chosen people despite his promises to them and Jesus' statement that ...we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews -- John 4:22 You clicked the "this is outside my expertise" button rather than answer my question. My question now: How can this question be outside the expertise of an Adventist pastor? What does you denomination teach about the Jews and do you see any significance in ...
Were Jews allowed to fast on Yom Kippur during the Holocaust or ...
There is a concept in Jewish Torah law called Pikuei Nefesh. To save a life. It is permitted to break Torah law in order to save a life. Even to break Shabbat in order to save a life is permitted. The Jews had to give up eating kosher in order to save their lives while in the camps, and this is permitted by Pikuei Nefesh in the Torah. Torah law also says that if a person is ill on Yom Kippur, he or she may not fast if it will further endanger their health and life. This also applies to pregnant women and/or nursing women on Yom Kippur. And anyone with an illness or disability like diabetes who must eat in order to not put their ...